Brebaje Palo: a case study among the indigenous healers of Iquitos (Peru)

Autores

  • Claudio Mazzatenta Bronx Community College,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5216/rbn.v4i2.5213

Palavras-chave:

Ayahuasca, brebaje palo, etnobotânica, plantas alucinógenas, Amazônia peruana

Resumo

Este estudo foi realizado na cidade de Iquitos (Amazônia peruana), onde a maioria dos curandeiros indígenas usa a bebida psicotrópica ayahuasca, a qual deve seus potentes efeitos principalmente à mistura de duas plantas, Banisteriopsis caapi (Spruce ex Griseb.) C.V. Morton e Psychotria viridis Ruiz & Pav. O brebaje palo é uma bebida psicotrópica alternativa, que provoca efeitos similares aos da ayahuasca, mas é preparado com outras plantas. A presente pesquisa teve como objetivos compreender a preparação, a modalidade das sessões de cura, a eficiência e a farmacognosia desta bebida comparando-a com a ayahuasca. Foi verificado que o brebaje palo, feito com casca de várias plantas, tem características similares às da ayahuasca. Há alcalóides no brebaje palo, o que pode explicar a atividade psicotrópica desta bebida, a qual pode ser considerada como uma alternativa à ayahuasca. Recentemente, a sustentabilidade ecológica das espécies usadas como ingredientes do brebaje palo e da ayahuasca foi estudada, pois podem estar ameaçadas em decorrência de uso intenso e indiscriminado na região.

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Publicado

15-12-2008

Como Citar

MAZZATENTA, C. Brebaje Palo: a case study among the indigenous healers of Iquitos (Peru). Revista de Biologia Neotropical / Journal of Neotropical Biology, Goiânia, v. 4, n. 2, p. 125–137, 2008. DOI: 10.5216/rbn.v4i2.5213. Disponível em: https://revistas.ufg.br/RBN/article/view/5213. Acesso em: 24 maio. 2024.

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