Comparative analysis of birdlife in different ecological restoration methods with emphasis in the role of artificial perches

Autores

  • Huilquer Francisco Vogel Universidade Estadual do Paraná, campus de União da Vitória. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3993-7824
  • João Batista Campos Secretaria de Estado de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Hídricos (SEMA), Coordenadoria de Biodiversidade e Florestas, Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil.
  • Kimberly Sheldon Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • Fernando Campanhã Bechara Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná (UTFPR), Campus Dois Vizinhos, Laboratório de Ecologia e Taxonomia Florestal, Paraná, Brasil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5216/rbn.v14i2.47000

Palavras-chave:

Atlantic rain forest, ecological succession, neotropical birds, restoration ecology.

Resumo

Artificial perches provide complexity to the landscape, a factor that can increase animal biodiversity. We tested the hypothesis that artificial perches used in ecological restoration promoting increased of the specific birdlife diversity in a restored landscape in southern Brazil. The study was conducted in the southwest of Paraná State, in an area that served for years to agriculture and pasture. Estimates of species and diversity of avifauna in 12 experimental plots were obtained one year after the beginning of the restoration. Data from plots restored through nucleation (this method consists too insert artificial perches) were used to create a data set analyzed with and without the records of birds obtained exclusively on artificial perches. These data were compared with those from experimental plots re-vegetated by either passive or active restoration (high diversity planting). In addition, we investigated the ability of different restoration techniques to attract avifauna occurring in a nearby forest. Restored plots using nucleation had higher richness (42± 3.00SD species), abundance and diversity compared to passive restoration and high diversity planting. However, when the results obtained exclusively from artificial perches were disregarded, the pattern of the diversity components in the nucleation did not differ from that of the passive restoration. Thus, the artificial perches provided an additional niche and, in this study, represented 34% of the increase in the accumulated richness observed in nucleation. Thus, perches are an important natural engineering structure that causes local increase in bird richness.

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14-03-2018

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VOGEL, H. F.; CAMPOS, J. B.; SHELDON, K.; BECHARA, F. C. Comparative analysis of birdlife in different ecological restoration methods with emphasis in the role of artificial perches. Revista de Biologia Neotropical / Journal of Neotropical Biology, Goiânia, v. 14, n. 2, p. 111–134, 2018. DOI: 10.5216/rbn.v14i2.47000. Disponível em: https://revistas.ufg.br/RBN/article/view/47000. Acesso em: 19 maio. 2024.

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