The Role of the Violin and Its Elements in Chinese Opera




emotionality of singing, rhythm, subtle sounds, tone elements, violin varieties


Opera performances are a collection of dialogues, dances, and songs, accompanied by a variety of instruments. The paper primarily focuses on the specific features of the influence of various Chinese violins on opera performances. The authors analyzed jinghu, erhu, dahu, banhu, and gaohu, as well as outlined the elements that make up the melody for a particular instrument in opera performances. The survey outcomes suggested that improvement of the performance program requires, as part of the staged action: adding a melody that corresponds to the production’s mood (30% of respondents); playing tunes on jinghu more quietly (27% of respondents); removing the tightness when playing banhu (25%); eliminating gaohu (18%). Further survey suggested that melodies were most clearly and correctly played with erhu (27%) and jinghu (23%), with the soft tones and piercing sounds which are typical for these violins. 10% of respondents believed that gaohu was played with many mistakes and was described by a lack of distinctive clear sounds. The respondents' perceptions of, and playing different violins in, opera suggested that the best quality performance was observed with erhu (0.92), jinghu (0.83), banhu (0.81), and dahu (0.79). The calculation results were compared using the Student's t-distribution, which suggested the similarity of values for almost all violins, except for gaohu, because playing it in opera performances was not melodious. The research findings are valuable to opera violinists studying the specific features of musical instrument and the harmony of all elements.

"2021 Humanities and Social Science Research Project of universities in Jiangxi Province, "Telling Chinese Stories Well with Western Musical Instruments -- A Study on the Nationalization of Violin Artistic Features", No. YS21211"


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Biografia do Autor

Qin Yu Fu, School of Music and Dance, Shangrao Normal University, Shang Rao, China,

Qin Yu Fu is a PhD, University Lecturer of the School of Music and Dance, Shangrao Normal University, Shang Rao, China. Research interests: opera, opera performances, music, violin, Chinese opera, and violin varieties.



2023-03-18 — Atualizado em 2023-05-04


Como Citar

FU, Q. Y. The Role of the Violin and Its Elements in Chinese Opera. Música Hodie, Goiânia, v. 23, 2023. DOI: 10.5216/mh.v23.72254. Disponível em: Acesso em: 18 maio. 2024.