Art Déco architecture in Brazil


  • Telma de Barros Correia


Nothing characterized the landscape of the majority of Brazilian towns and cities in the 1930s and 1940s more than Art Déco trends in architecture. The style then went on to establish itself as an expression of modernity which was accessible to different social classes. In larger buildings, the style became popular and spread throughout cities and towns. In architecture, Art Déco brings together both innovative aspects and links with the past. From Beaux-Arts architecture it takes its decorative aspects, expressed in a set of works characterized by the play of geometric shapes and/or façades with elements of an ornamental connotation. It also uses, and quite often at that, the BeauxArts method of composition, by adopting rules of symmetry, axiality and hierarchy in the distribution of the plan, in the organization of the façades and the arrangement of the geometric elements, expressed, among other things, in the emphasis given to the main entrance and the division of the façade into base, body and crown. It also uses simplified versions of elements of classical style, such as columns, oculi, pediments, capitals, pilasters and parapets. The innovative aspect of Art Déco lies in the frequent geometric simplification of its decorative elements and the diversification and updating of its sources of ornamental reference.


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CORREIA, T. de B. Art Déco architecture in Brazil. Revista UFG, Goiânia, 2017. Disponível em: Acesso em: 18 jul. 2024.