Courts of exception and constitutional emergency: the debate on the National Security Court

Authors

  • Raphael Peixoto de Paula Marques Instituto Brasiliense de Direito Público (IDP) e Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido

Keywords:

Courts of exception, Constitutional emergency, National Security Court, Brazil, Anticommunism

Abstract

The objective of the article is to reconstruct, from the perspective of constitutional history, the legal discussion that took place between 1936 and 1937 about the National Security Court (TSN). The text seeks to identify the arguments used by Parliament and the Supreme Court to legitimize a court of exception in the face of the limitations established in the 1934 Constitution. Primary sources are analyzed, with special focus on the Legislative Branch Gazette and some habeas corpus cases.

Author Biography

Raphael Peixoto de Paula Marques, Instituto Brasiliense de Direito Público (IDP) e Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido

Professor do Instituto Brasiliense de Direito Público (IDP), professor do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito da UFERSA. Doutor em Direito pela UnB, com período sanduíche na Università degli Studi di Firenze. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5905-5143. Email: raphapeixoto@gmail.com.

Published

30-06-2021

Issue

Section

Theoretical Foundations of Human Rights