The Extension Activities in The Process of Training University Students
Keywords:Extension Actions, Public Engineering, Professional Training, Social Responsibility.
AbstractSince colonial times, social inequality is the reality that insists on persisting in the country, even with the great economic advances obtained over the centuries. Faced with these problems, there are several responsible for acting on their resolutions and / or mitigations. The important role of government (federal, state, and municipal), justice, NGOs, and even religious institutions are the most popular forms of action outside the scientific community, but universities in extension actions to be an important vector for generating ideas and solutions so that we have a more egalitarian society. It was with this in mind that, in 2008 at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), the Nucleus of Social Attendance of the Faculty of Engineering (NASFE) was created to allow the generation of social projects of engineering and architecture, but also to enable the students to live practical experiences, acting in real cases and developing skills and competences essential for their academic formation. NASFE is currently an extension project that aims at good engineering practice in order to improve the quality of life of poor communities through the provision of free advisory services to engineering projects. With the guidance of teachers, students from the 2nd to 10th period of Engineering, Architecture, Arts and Design, and Social Service of the UFJF it is made possible to offer such services. Since November 2016 actions have been developing in partnership with the Center of Legal Practices of the Faculty of Law of the UFJF providing experience in multiprofessional and multidisciplinary activities. In addition to these services, students are organized into sectors to advance the practice of developing leadership skills so that they are able to assume leadership roles in the labor market and in public power. In this sense, NASFE is divided into three sectors: CIA (Communication, Infrastructure, and Service), Human Resources, and Quality and Projects, each of which is overseen by an academic member. Organization and opening of the requests, training, and management of the members and, finally, development, monitoring, and delivery of projects are the main activities of each sector, respectively. In 2016 and 2017, 71 consultations were carried out, divided into usucapian projects, proletarian projects, regularizations and architectural projects, mapping of risk areas, and technical surveys. Thus, even with the reduced number of students and professors facing the high demand of society for public engineering, a satisfactory productivity was obtained, as well as allowing members a practical vision of the social responsibility of their future professions. In addition, in view of the great problem of cities with natural disasters, the NASFE-EDUCATION sector was implemented in March 2018 with the aim of promoting prevention through the learning of elementary school children and the school community, regarding social and environmental risks, and to bring up the discussion on the subject and necessary care. The development of educational actions in public schools has partners such as the Fire Department and City Hall of Juiz de Fora.
BARELL, J. Problem-Based Learning. An Inquiry Approach. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press, 2007.
BARRETT, T.; MOORE, S. New Approaches to Problem-Based Learning. Revitalising your practice in higher education. New York: Routledge, 2011.
BAZZO, W. A. Introdução à Engenharia: Conceitos, Ferramentas e Comportamentos. 4th ed. rev. – Florianópolis. Editora UFSC, 2013.
BRASIL. Lei Federal N° 11.888, DE 24 DE DEZEMBRO DE 2008. Assegura às famílias de baixa renda assistência técnica pública e gratuita para o projeto e a construção de habitação de interesse social. Available at: <http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2007-2010/2008/lei/l11888.htm> Accessed on: 14 April 2008.
BRASIL. Constituição (1998). Lei nº 9.394, de 20 de dezembro de 1996. Estabelece As Diretrizes e Bases da Educação Nacional: Diário Oficial da República Federativa do Brasil. Brasília, DF
CONSELHO NACIONAL DE EDUCAÇÃO E CÂMARA DE EDUCAÇÃO SUPERIOR- CNE/CES. Resolução CNE/CES 11, de 11 de março de 2002. Institui Diretrizes Curriculares de Graduação em Engenharia. Available at:<http://portal.mec.gov.br/cne/arquivos/pdf/CES112002.pdf> Accessed on: 14 abr. 2018.
DEFESA CIVIL DE JUIZ DE FORA. Plano de Contingência. 2013. Prefeitura Municipal de Juiz de Fora, MG.
DINO (Ed.). Lei aprovada facilita a regularização de imóveis irregulares em todo o Brasil. Exame. Brasil, p. 1-1. 12 jul. 2017. Avaiable at: <https://exame.abril.com.br/negocios/dino/lei-aprovada-facilita-a-regularizacao-de-imoveis-irregulares-em-todo-o-brasil-shtml/>. Accessed on: 12 Jun. 2018.
G1. Juiz de Fora tem áreas sujeitas a escorregamento de encostas. G1: Zona da Mata. Juiz de Fora, MG, p. 1-1. 08 dez. 2016. Avaiable at: <http://g1.globo.com/mg/zona-da-mata/noticia/2016/12/juiz-de-fora-tem-624-areas-sujeitas-escorregamento-de-encostas.html Acesso em 14/06>. Accessed on:14 Jun. 2018.
IBGE. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (Org.). 10% população concentram quase metade da renda do país. Agência IBGE Notícias: Estatísticas Sociais, PENAD contínua. Brasil, p. 1-1. 11 abr. 2018. Avaiable at: <https://agenciadenoticias.ibge.gov.br/agencia-noticias/2012-agencia-de-noticias/noticias/20844-10-da-populacao-concentram-quase-metade-da-renda-do-pais.html>. Accessed on: 12 Jun. 2018.
TRIBUNA DE MINAS (Org.). Especialistas alertam para riscos em obras irregulares em Juiz de Fora. Tribuna. Juiz de Fora, MG, p. 1-1. 27 jan. 2012. Avaiable at: <https://tribunademinas.com.br/noticias/cidade/27-01-2012/especialistas-alertam-para-riscos-em-obras-irregulares-em-juiz-de-fora.html>. Accessed on: 16 Jun. 2018.
The author is responsible for the following statements by submitting an article electronically in the International Journal of Alive Engineering Education (IJAEEdu):
a) States that the document in question was reviewed by an expert in English language and it is an original work and it holds the prerogative to grant the rights contained in this license. It also states that the document does not infringe, as far as it is possible to know the rights of any other person or entity.
b) If the document in question contains material which does not hold the copyright, the author states have obtained the copyright holder’s permission to grant the Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG) the rights required by this license, and that such material whose rights are third is clearly identified and acknowledged within the text or content of the document.
c) States that the study was conducted in accordance with the ethical standards of all applicable institutional, local, national and international guidelines.
d) It also states that any person appointed as author or co-author of the document is aware of it and agrees to be so appointed.
As responsible for the submission of the document, I authorize the School of Electrical, Mechanical and Computer Engineering of the Federal University of Goiás to provide the paper free of charge, through the Electronic System for Publishing Magazines UFG (SEER / UFG) or in printed form, without compensation of copyright, in accordance with Law No. 9610/98. Is allowed, reading, printing and / or download, as a promotion of the Brazilian scientific production. Any use of the work not authorized under this license or the copyright law is prohibited.