Evaluation of the schistosomiasis control program (PCE) in an endemic area, northeastern Brazil: a population-based and 10-year time series study

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5216/rpt.v51i4.74846

Resumo

Schistosomiasis is an endemic disease in Brazil and the State with the highest positive rate in the country is Sergipe. Herein, we assessed data from the Brazilian Schistosomiasis Control Program (PCE) in the State of Sergipe between the period 2008 and 2017. We evaluated data about schistosomiasis and snails of the genus Biomphalaria. We used the log-linear regression model (joinpoint) to assess temporal trends and the Kernel estimator for spatial statistics analysis. According to the PCE, Sergipe has 51 endemic municipalities for schistosomiasis. Nevertheless, information about the disease and that collected by the PCE has not been recorded regularly in all endemic municipalities. Additionally, only nine municipalities (17.6%) carried out the malacological survey. The average of positive rate from schistosomiasis in Sergipe was 8.4%. However, our data suggest that it may be underestimated. The spatial analysis maps (Kernel maps) showed areas of high transmission of the disease in municipalities close to the São Francisco River and in the metropolitan region of the State. Altogether, our findings suggest that schistosomiasis has been underreported and it is still a serious public health concern in Sergipe. In addition, there are significant failures in the conduction of PCE’s activities by the municipalities.

KEY WORDS: Schistosomiasis; Epidemiological monitoring; Spatial analysis; Brazil.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Mariana do Rosário Souza, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Parasitic Biology Graduate Program, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil.

2. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS),  Health Science Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Allan Dantas dos Santos, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Department of Nursing, Lagarto, Sergipe, Brazil.

2. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Nursing Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Márcio Bezerra-Santos, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Parasitic Biology Graduate Program, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil.

1. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Health Science Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

2. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Department of Morphology, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil.

3. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Immunology and Molecular Biology Laboratory, University Hospital, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Karina Conceição Gomes Machado de Araújo, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Parasitic Biology Graduate Program, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil.

1. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Health Science Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

2. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Department of Morphology, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil.

Downloads

Publicado

2022-12-23

Como Citar

MENEZES SANTOS DE JESUS, D.; DO ROSÁRIO SOUZA, M.; DOS SANTOS, A. D.; BEZERRA-SANTOS, M.; GOMES MACHADO DE ARAÚJO, K. C. Evaluation of the schistosomiasis control program (PCE) in an endemic area, northeastern Brazil: a population-based and 10-year time series study. Revista de Patologia Tropical / Journal of Tropical Pathology, Goiânia, v. 51, n. 4, p. 264–274, 2022. DOI: 10.5216/rpt.v51i4.74846. Disponível em: https://revistas.ufg.br/iptsp/article/view/74846. Acesso em: 22 abr. 2024.

Edição

Seção

ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS / ORIGINAL ARTICLES