Fasciola hepatica prevalence in cattle from the Abancay, Curahuasi and Tamburco districts, Abancay province-Apurímac, Peru during the 2018 rainy season

Autores

  • María Fernanda Tirado Nicoletti Scientific University of the South (UCSUR), Laboratory of Parasitology of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, Lima, Peru https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8684-5420
  • Eva Consuelo Casas Astos Scientific University of the South (UCSUR), Laboratory of Parasitology of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, Lima, Peru https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4378-6862
  • Luis Fernando Cerro Temoche National University of San Marcos (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos – UNMSM), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Health and Public Health, Lima, Peru https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3207-1041
  • Sebastiana Virginia Bernilla De la Cruz National University Micaela Bastidas de Apurímac (Universidad Nacional Micaela Bastidas de Apurímac-UNAMBA), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, Abancay, Peru https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2005-2556

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5216/rpt.v51i2.71734

Resumo

This study aims to determine the prevalence of Fasciola hepatica in cattle from the Abancay, Curahuasi, and Tamburco districts in the Abancay province, Apurímac, Peru, during the 2018 rainy season, and the association between prevalence and age, breed, and district of origin. In total, 295 stool samples were collected, namely 34 from Tamburco, 193 from Curahuasi and 68 from Abancay. For coproparasitological evaluation, the four-sieve sedimentation technique described by Girão and Ueno was used. The total prevalence of F. hepatica in the cattle sampled in this study was 50.8% (150/295), and the prevalence by district was 42.6% (29/68) in Abancay, 53.8% (104/193) in Curahuasi, and 50% (17/34) in Tamburco. No significant association was found with the variable district of origin (p<0.05). However, using a bivariate logistic regression analysis, a significant association was found between F. hepatica prevalence and the breed variable (p=0.008). A similar significant association with the breed variable (p=0.007) was also found using a multiple logistic regression analysis. The high prevalence of F. hepatica identified in this study is consistent with previous reports made in the Apurímac Region, an area considered hyperendemic for the parasite, thus highlighting the need for effective health programs to control disease distribution, which may have an economic and, because of its zoonotic character, public health impact.

KEY WORDS: Fasciola hepatica; liver fluke disease; cattle; Abancay; Apurímac; Peru.

 

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Biografia do Autor

Eva Consuelo Casas Astos, Scientific University of the South (UCSUR), Laboratory of Parasitology of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, Lima, Peru

2. National University of San Marcos (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos – UNMSM), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Health and Public Health, Lima, Peru.

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Publicado

2022-07-18

Como Citar

TIRADO NICOLETTI, M. F.; CASAS ASTOS, E. C.; CERRO TEMOCHE, L. F. .; BERNILLA DE LA CRUZ, S. V. . Fasciola hepatica prevalence in cattle from the Abancay, Curahuasi and Tamburco districts, Abancay province-Apurímac, Peru during the 2018 rainy season. Revista de Patologia Tropical / Journal of Tropical Pathology, Goiânia, v. 51, n. 2, p. 157–164, 2022. DOI: 10.5216/rpt.v51i2.71734. Disponível em: https://revistas.ufg.br/iptsp/article/view/71734. Acesso em: 28 maio. 2024.

Edição

Seção

ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS / ORIGINAL ARTICLES