Educational intervention on scholar’s knowledge regarding schistosomiasis in a riverside community, northeastern Brazil

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5216/rpt.v50i4.70468

Resumo

Schistosomiasis is still a serious public health concern in Brazil and Sergipe State presents the highest prevalence rate of the disease. Brazil implemented the Schistosomiasis Control Program (PCE) with several strategies to control the disease, including health education actions in endemic areas. Herein, we assessed the impact of an educational intervention on knowledge concerning schistosomiasis in students from a riverside village of Sergipe, Northeastern Brazil. The study was carried out in 3 phases. 1) A questionnaire was applied to assess the students’ knowledge about the biological, clinical, and epidemiological aspects of schistosomiasis mansoni (pre-test). 2) Next, an educational intervention was conducted. Pamphlets about schistosomiasis were distributed to the entire school community, who were then invited to a lecture. 3) A post-test was performed using the questionnaire to assess acquired knowledge. 151 elementary school students were interviewed. 2.6% of the pre-test students and 4.3% of the post-test group had already been diagnosed with schistosomiasis. In the pre-test, only 24.5% knew the cause of the disease and 48.3% the transmission sites. In the post-test, 74.3% (OR= 8.9; p-value<0.0001) knew the etiology and 77.1% the possible transmission sites (OR= 3.6; p-value<0.0001). There was also significant improvement in knowledge regarding signs, symptoms and prophylactic measures. Most students were unaware of the risk of reinfection by Schistosoma mansoni after treatment. The educational intervention proved quite effective in increasing information on schistosomiasis. These results reinforce the importance of health education as an auxiliary tool in the control of schistosomiasis.

KEY WORDS: Schistosomiasis mansoni; health education; schoolchildren; neglected tropical diseases; Brazil.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Jonathan F. Santana, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Department of Pharmacy, Lagarto, Sergipe, Brazil

§. Jonathan da Fraga Santana and Lucas Martins da Silva share the first authorship.

Lucas Martins da Silva, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Department of Pharmacy, Lagarto, Sergipe, Brazil

§. Jonathan da Fraga Santana and Lucas Martins da Silva share the first authorship.

Mariana do Rosário Souza, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Health Science Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil

1. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Health Science Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.
2. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Parasitic Biology Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Priscila Lima dos Santos , Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Health Science Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil

1. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Health Science Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.
2. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Department of Health Education, Lagarto, Sergipe, Brazil.
3. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Immunology and Molecular Biology Laboratory, University Hospital, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

´Márcio Bezerra Santos, Universidade Federal de Sergipe - UFSLaboratório de Imunologia e Biologia Molecular

1. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Health Science Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.
2. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), ParasiticBiology Graduate Program, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.
3. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Immunology and Molecular Biology Laboratory, University Hospital, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.
4. Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Department of Morphology, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

Downloads

Publicado

2022-01-17

Como Citar

SANTANA, J. .; MARTINS DA SILVA, L. . .; VALDINO FERREIRA PEREIRA, F. .; FERREIRA AMORIM, B. .; VITOR PIMENTEL, P. .; DO ROSÁRIO SOUZA, M.; JORDAN NUNES RIBEIRO, C. .; DANTAS DOS SANTOS, A. .; LIMA DOS SANTOS , P. .; DOS SANTOS TAVARES, D. .; BEZERRA SANTOS, M. . Educational intervention on scholar’s knowledge regarding schistosomiasis in a riverside community, northeastern Brazil. Revista de Patologia Tropical / Journal of Tropical Pathology, Goiânia, v. 50, n. 4, p. 299–314, 2022. DOI: 10.5216/rpt.v50i4.70468. Disponível em: https://revistas.ufg.br/iptsp/article/view/70468. Acesso em: 6 jul. 2022.

Edição

Seção

ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS / ORIGINAL ARTICLES