Prevalence of tungiasis in humans in Brazil and in its federative units: a systematic review

Autores

  • Laura Silva Paranhos Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Curso de Bacharelado em Enfermagem, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5941-7949
  • Pedro Alves Soares Vaz de Castro Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Curso de Bacharelado em Medicina, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1183-7610
  • Giovanna Rotondo de Araújo Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Laboratório de Epidemiologia e Controle de Doenças Infecciosas e Parasitárias, Departamento de Parasitologia, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7513-5087
  • Fernanda do Carmo Magalhães Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Parasitologia,Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7928-8294
  • Juliana Maria Trindade Bezerra Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Parasitologia, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9840-6217

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5216/rpt.v51i1.70027

Resumo

Tungiasis is a neglected parasitic disease caused by penetration of female Tunga penetrans under the skin, causing important health outcomes in humans. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of tungiasis in Brazil and in its federative units. In November 2019, an investigation was carried out to find studies published from 1980 onwards in MEDLINE, LILACS, Cochrane, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science and Embase databases, and in the gray literature, using descriptors related to the prevalence of tungiasis caused by T. penetrans in Brazil. Of the 542 studies found, only 16 published between 2002 and 2010 met the eligibility criteria to be included in this systematic review. Of the 16 selected publications, 14 addressed the prevalence of tungiasis in communities in the Northeast region of the country, one in the South and one in the Southeast. The general prevalence of the parasitosis in the studies ranged from 1.6% to 54.8%, predominantly in the five to nine age group. Eight studies considered the prevalence by gender, ranging from 2.2% to 62.2% for females and 1.1% to 62.5% for males. This systematic review presents an unprecedented survey of the prevalence of tungiasis, a parasitic disease whose dissemination is facilitated by several factors, occuring mainly in low-income communities. Considering the regionalization of the findings, the scarcity of publications, as well as disease neglect, more studies are required.

KEY WORDS: Tunga penetrans; occurrence; epidemiology; PRISMA; human.

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Biografia do Autor

Giovanna Rotondo de Araújo, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Laboratório de Epidemiologia e Controle de Doenças Infecciosas e Parasitárias, Departamento de Parasitologia, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

2. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Parasitologia, Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Juliana Maria Trindade Bezerra, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Parasitologia, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

2. Universidade Estadual do Maranhão, Curso de Licenciatura em Ciências Biológicas, Centro de Estudos Superiores de Lago da Pedra, Lago da Pedra, Maranhão, Brazil.
3. Universidade Estadual do Maranhão, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil.

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Publicado

2022-04-19

Como Citar

SILVA PARANHOS, L. .; ALVES SOARES VAZ DE CASTRO, P.; ROTONDO DE ARAÚJO, G.; DO CARMO MAGALHÃES, F.; TRINDADE BEZERRA, J. M. Prevalence of tungiasis in humans in Brazil and in its federative units: a systematic review. Revista de Patologia Tropical / Journal of Tropical Pathology, Goiânia, v. 51, n. 1, p. 31–50, 2022. DOI: 10.5216/rpt.v51i1.70027. Disponível em: https://revistas.ufg.br/iptsp/article/view/70027. Acesso em: 1 jul. 2022.

Edição

Seção

REVISÃO / REVIEW