DETECTION OF INTESTINAL PARASITES IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT BUSES IN BELÉM, PARÁ STATE, NORTHERN BRAZIL

Autores

  • Laine Celestino Pinto Universidade Federal do Pará
  • Ana Paula Guimarães da Costa Carvalho Centro Universitário Metropolitano da Amazônia, Belém, PA, Brazil
  • Maria Caroline Nazaré Pinto dos Santos Centro Universitário Metropolitano da Amazônia, Belém, PA, Brazil
  • Roberta Oliveira de Araujo Morais Centro Universitário Metropolitano da Amazônia, Belém, PA, Brazil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5216/rpt.v48i3.59155

Resumo

The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of intestinal parasites in public transport buses in the city of Belém, Pará, Brazil, as well as to compare the frequency of these enteroparasites according to the bus lines, collection sites within the vehicles, and presence of pathogenic and nonpathogenic parasites in the samples. This is a cross-sectional analytical study carried out between February and April 2019, in which 320 samples were analyzed, from 5 bus lines, 8 buses each, collected from 8 different surfaces inside the vehicles, according to Graham’s method. Subsequently, the statistical test was performed to evaluate the differences
between the variables, considering p ? 0.05. The results indicated that 7.8% of the samples were parasitized and the right handrail presented the highest prevalence of parasites, namely 2.2%. The pathogenic parasites corresponded to 26.7% and the non-pathogenic 73.3%. The non-pathogenic parasite most commonly found was Entamoeba coli totaling 50%, whereas the only pathogenic parasite was Giardia intestinalis in 26.7%. Thus, the presence of pathogenic and non-pathogenic parasites reflects the precarious hygiene of users of this type of transport, presenting a public health issue which needs to be addressed.


KEY WORDS: Intestinal Diseases, Fomites, Transmission, Pathogenic parasites, Enteroparasite

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Biografia do Autor

Laine Celestino Pinto, Universidade Federal do Pará

Centro Universitário Metropolitano da Amazônia, Belém, PA, Brazil  and Laboratório de Neuropatologia Experimental, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, PA, Brazil.

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Publicado

2019-11-05

Como Citar

CELESTINO PINTO, L.; PAULA GUIMARÃES DA COSTA CARVALHO, A.; CAROLINE NAZARÉ PINTO DOS SANTOS, M.; OLIVEIRA DE ARAUJO MORAIS, R. DETECTION OF INTESTINAL PARASITES IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT BUSES IN BELÉM, PARÁ STATE, NORTHERN BRAZIL. Revista de Patologia Tropical / Journal of Tropical Pathology, Goiânia, v. 48, n. 3, p. 170–178, 2019. DOI: 10.5216/rpt.v48i3.59155. Disponível em: https://revistas.ufg.br/iptsp/article/view/59155. Acesso em: 17 ago. 2022.

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Seção

ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS / ORIGINAL ARTICLES